U.S. Marine Corps:
An act of Congress established the U.S. Marine Corps on July 11, 1798. However, the Marine Corps celebrates November 10, 1775 as its founding date. This was the date that the Continental Congress authorized the formation of the first two battalions of Marines. Captain Samuel Nicholas, the first commissioned officer, recruited many of the soldiers from the historic Tun Tavern near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
U.S. Marine Corps (continued):
This group sailed with the American fleet to storm the British forts on New Providence Island in the Bahamas and captured 600 barrels of gunpowder. The Marines also aided George Washington on Christmas night, 1776, when he crossed the Delaware river to surprise the Hessians. The Marines also fought on the decks of John Paul Jones' Ranger and other vessels. Since that time, the Marines have executed more than 300 landings on foreign shores.